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New monument to honor Paiutes slain in Circleville Massacre

Paiutes are some of the main characters in Zane Grey’s Wild Horse Mesa. Given his relationship with Paiute individuals, I imagine he would have strong feelings about this massacre and the role of the Mormons. This article about the intended memorial tells the story of the killing of 30 Paiute men, women and children for no other reason than unfounded fear and lack of information.

By , Deseret News
Published: Thursday, April 14 2016 12:45 p.m. MDT | Updated: Thursday, April 14 2016 10:46 p.m. MDT

An artist’s rendering of a new memorial that will mark a dark but rarely mentioned moment in Utah history when Mormon settlers slaughtered as many as 30 Paiute men, women and children in the small town of Circleville 150 years ago. The monument will be dedicated April 22, 2016.; By Sunrise Engineering

A new memorial will mark a dark but rarely mentioned moment in Utah history when Mormon settlers slaughtered as many as 30 Paiute men, women and children in the small town of Circleville 150 years ago.

CIRCLEVILLE, Piute County — A new memorial will mark a dark but rarely mentioned moment in Utah history when Mormon settlers slaughtered as many as 30 Paiute men, women and children in the small town of Circleville 150 years ago.

The massacre with guns, knives and clubs happened in April 1866 during the Black Hawk War because of unfounded fears by the settlers that the Paiute Koosharem band posed a threat, even though the two groups had been friendly.

Despite being the worst atrocity committed against Native Americans in Utah, it became a hidden chapter in state history. Paiute people know little of what happened to their ancestors. Circleville residents — none of whom are original descendants of the perpetrators — don’t talk about it.

But that is changing.

The Paiute Tribal Council, Utah Division of State History, Circleville, LDS Church Historical Department, Utah Westerners and some independent historians felt compelled to recognize the victims.

On April 22 — the suspected date of the massacre — they will dedicate a monument to the slain Paiutes in Memorial Park in Circleville. It will provide a solemn place of contemplation and commemoration to honor the victims of one of Utah’s saddest episodes.

“I think it’s going to be beautiful,” said Dorena Martineau, Paiute Tribe cultural resources director. “Hopefully the remains, the spirits of our past ancestors can come to rest.”

The Paiute Tribe wrote the inscriptions for the granite monument, which in part say, “None of us can ever hope to describe the emotions that these people might have felt. All we can do is honor their existence as human beings.”

“The story here is about the victims, and it’s about the process of forgetting the victims,” said Jed Rogers, a Utah state historian. “How is that we have a tragic event that very, very few people in this state know anything about. That, to me, compounds the tragedy of Circleville.”……….

The rest of the article is on Deseret News

 
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Posted by on 2016-04-17 in General

 

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The world Zane Grey wrote about

Map of North- and Central America just before contact with outsiders. Compiled by Aaron

Map of North- and Central America just before contact with outsiders. Compiled by Aaron Carapella

The above map compiled by Aaron Carapella at tribalnationsmaps.com shows what tribes were in existence and where they were just before they came into contact with non-Americans (or illegal immigrants as they are called today). Zane Grey mainly writes about the US but he also ventures into Canada and even as far south as Peru. Research shows that Native-American roots in the Americas go back at least 12 000 years to a time when people migrated across Beringua all the way down to what is known today as the Yucatan Peninsula.(*ed.)

Betty Zane is Zane Grey’s first story and also a semi-biographical work about his great-great… grandmother and her courage. Fort Henry (its final name) was finished in 1774 in West Virginia soon after the end of the French/British war for colonial ownership of the land. The American revolution between the British and the settlers were at its very beginning. Between and against the two were the Native Americans.

This map drawn by Thomas Conder shows how the immigrants saw North America in 1775. I have marked the approximate location of Fort Henry

Source: raremaps.com | I have marked the approximate location of Fort Henry

Source: raremaps.com | I have marked the approximate location of Fort Henry

By the end of the timeline of Zane Grey’s stories (1932), borders and languages had been changed to fit Western European/Christian thinking and politics and appear more or less as we know them today.

Source: mapsoftheworld.com

Source: mapsoftheworld.com

As time flows its inevitable way to change, these borders and languages will probably once again change hands.

Below is the timeline of Zane Grey’s Western stories and the Ohio River Trilogy (none of the children’s stories or semi-biographical works have been included). Along with that you will find the setting of the story. Dr. Kevin S. Blake at the Zane Grey West Society is responsible for most of this information.

Time Setting Title Year Publ. Place Setting
c. 1774 Betty Zane 1903 Fort Henry, Ohio River
1777-1782 The Spirit of the Border 1906 PA: Allegheny and Monongahela rivers
1783 The Last Trail 1909 Fort Henry, Ohio River
1856-1870 Fighting Caravans 1929 Santa Fe Trail
KS: Fort Larned
1861-1879 The Lost Wagon Train 1936 Santa Fe Trail
NM: Fort Union
1861 Western Union 1939 Western Union telegraph route (Omaha to Fort Bridger)
NE: Chimney Rock
1863 The Border Legion 1916 a) ID: central
b) MT: Virginia City, Alder Gulch
1864-1869 The U.P. Trail 1918 Union Pacific Railroad (Omaha to Promontory Point)
WY: Laramie Mountains
1865-1871 West of the Pecos 1937 TX: Pecos River Horsehead Crossing
TX: Langtry
c. 1870 Wildfire 1917 AZ: Lees Ferry, Monument Valley
1870s The Lone Star Ranger 1915 a) TX: Nueces River headwaters
b) TX: western, Mount Ord
1871 Riders of the Purple Sage 1912 UT: southeastern
AZ: Tsegi Canyon
1871 The Trail Driver 1936 Chisholm and Western cattle trails
TX: Colorado River crossing
1874-1877 The Thundering Herd 1925 TX: Red River & Pease River headwaters
TX: Llano Estacado
1874-1875 Knights of the Range 1939 NM: Cimarron
1877 Robbers’ Roost 1932 UT: Dirty Devil River, Henry Mountains
c. 1878 The Heritage of the Desert 1910 AZ: Lees Ferry, Painted Desert
1878-1892 Wanderer of the Wasteland 1923 a) CA: Chocolate Mountains
b) CA: Death Valley
1878-1885 Shadow on the Trail 1946 a) TX: Denton County
b) AZ: Tonto Basin, Doubtful Canyon
1880 Twin Sombreros 1941 CO: Las Animas
c. 1880 Valley of Wild Horses 1947 NM: Magdalena
c. 1880 The Fugitive Trail 1957 TX: Brazos River headwaters
1880s Raiders of Spanish Peaks 1938 a) KS: Garden City
b) CO: Spanish Peaks
1880s The Arizona Clan 1958 AZ: Tonto Basin
c. 1885 The Man of the Forest 1920 AZ: White Mountains, Pinedale
c. 1885 Sunset Pass 1931 AZ: Sunset Mountains
1885-1918 30,000 on the Hoof 1940 AZ: Mogollon Plateau, Miller Canyon
1886 The Rainbow Trail 1915 AZ: Tsegi Canyon
UT: Rainbow Bridge
1887 To the Last Man 1922 AZ: Pleasant Valley, Mogollon Plateau
1889 The Drift Fence 1933 AZ: Flagstaff, Mogollon Plateau
1889 The Maverick Queen 1950 WY: South Pass City
1889-1890 The Hash Knife Outfit 1933 AZ: Mogollon Plateau
c. 1890 The Mysterious Rider 1921 CO: Gore Range, Middle Park
c. 1890 Forlorn River 1927 CA: Tule Lake
c. 1890 “Nevada” 1928 a) CA: Tule Lake
b) AZ: Mogollon Plateau, Chevelon Canyon
c. 1890 Wild Horse Mesa 1928 UT: Kaiparowits Plateau
c. 1890 The Dude Ranger 1951 AZ: Springerville
c. 1890 Stranger From the Tonto 1956 a) Sonora: western
b) UT: Hole in the Rock
c. 1892-1905 Arizona Ames 1932 a) AZ: Hellsgate on Tonto Creek
b) WY: Pinedale
c) UT: Hurricane Cliffs
d) CO: Troublesome Creek in Middle Park
1896 Stairs of Sand 1943 CA: Salton Sea
c. 1900 Black Mesa 1955 AZ: Black Mesa
1906 Thunder Mountain 1935 ID: Salmon River Mountains
c. 1910 Horse Heaven Hill 1959 WA: Colville Indian Reservation
1912 Desert Gold 1913 a) AZ: Altar Valley
b) Sonora: Pinacate Range
1912 The Light of Western Stars 1914 AZ: San Bernardino Valley
NM: Peloncillo Mountains
1916-1919 The Vanishing American 1925 AZ: Kayenta
UT: Valley of the Gods, Navajo Mtn.
1917-1918 The Desert of Wheat 1919 WA: southeastern
1919-1920 The Shepherd of Guadaloupe 1930 NM: Las Vegas
1920-1921 The Call of the Canyon 1924 AZ: Oak Creek Canyon
1920 Rogue River Feud 1948 OR: Rogue River
1920s Under the Tonto Rim 1926 AZ: Tonto Basin
1920s Code of the West 1934 AZ: Tonto Basin
1920s Captives of the Desert 1952 AZ: Black Mesa
1920s Lost Pueblo 1954 AZ: Tsegi Canyon
1924 The Deer Stalker 1949 AZ: Kaibab Plateau, Grand Canyon
1930 Wyoming 1953 WY: Antelope Hills
1932 Majesty’s Rancho 1942 AZ: San Bernardino Valley
NM: Peloncillo Mountains
1932 Boulder Dam 1963 NV: Hoover Dam
Based on information from http://www.zgws.org/zggeomap.php

(*ed.) 10 02 2016 I edited the last part of this paragraph after it had been pointed out to me that my previous paragraph was highly offensive to Native-Americans. I unequivocally apologize for this offense and will strive to do better.

 

 
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Posted by on 2015-08-20 in General

 

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